The most frequent cause of hair loss in women is female pattern baldness or diffuse alopecia. IML has non-surgical treatments available to its patients for diffuse female alopecia.
This female pattern hair loss is characterised by:
Ludwig scale. Degrees of evolution of diffuse female alopecia
In 50% of pattern female diffuse alopecia, there is no associated hyper-androgynism and in general terms it is caused by hereditary factors.
Diffuse female pattern alopecia is an aesthetic problem which is more and more frequent in women. In the majority of cases it causes emotional disorders that can derive in anxiety and depression.
The pathogeny of female pattern diffuse alopecia is still unknown, although it has been shown that it responds to certain pharmacological and local treatments.
Differential diagnosis is essential to choose the most appropriate treatment, with other causes of female alopecia, such as:
Differential diagnosis is fundamental for efficient treatment of alopecia
In order to act on the focus of diffuse alopecia, full blood work must be conducted, studying the following parameters:
In our Medical Centre, the basic treatment of diffuse female alopecia can be associated or not to an oral pharmacological treatment and is based on four points:
These treatments are compatible and coadjutant. They can produce rapid visible improvement, given that the patient notices the slowing down of hair loss. Furthermore, they will perceive more hair density and vitality. However, the level of improvement as far as hair calibre is observed over a period of approximately 6 months.
LLLT consists of the application of low frequency light on the scalp, avoiding the thermal effect. This photo stimulation generates the following benefits:
Photo stimulation increases cell proliferation and migration, as well as growth factor production, inducing hair re-entry into the anagen stage with foreseen entry into the catagen stage.
The wavelengths applied are between 635 and 655 nm and can be coherent light (laser) or non-coherent light (LED).
Number of sessions: 10 to 20.
Non-surgical treatments of diffuse alopecia reduce the rhythm of hair loss
The growth factors in platelets stimulate the increase in cellular metabolism, such as multiplication and migration of fibroblasts, resulting in collagen synthesis. Stem cells are also activated in the treatment area. All of this produces improvements in the hair follicles.
On a platelet level, different growth factors are found:
The growth factors are obtained from the patient's own blood, which undergoes a centrifugation process through which the different blood fractions are extracted. Platelet-rich plasma contains the highest amount of growth factors. This plasma is infiltrated into the scalp, where the following effects are produced:
Number of sessions: 3 sessions, every 2 or 3 weeks.
Capillary mesotherapy consists of the application of substance for alopecia through micro-punctures in the scalp, with an average density of 0.2 ml per puncture, using a total amount of 5 to 10 ml per session, depending on the severity and extension requiring treatment.
The infiltrated substances include:
Number of sessions: 4 to 10.
Subcutaneous infiltration of CO2 into the scalp produces the following benefits:
Capillary carboxytherapy, therefore, improves cutaneous metabolism rate and causes stimulation of the hair bulb.
The dose applied at IML is 5 ml CO2 per puncture.
Number of sessions: 4 to 10.
The IML Combined Protocol sessions for female pattern alopecia treatment can be planned as follows:
Our dermatologists and capillary surgeons are experts in treating diffuse female alopecia. Request a free informative consultation now with one of our specialists.