Hair transplant complications

Hair grafting is a safe technique with very few complications.

The appearance of frontal oedema is not considered a complication, this is an anticipated, temporary clinical response that occurs during most grafts. It slowly moves vertically through the face and disappears within 3 to 4 days. It can be subdued with 30 mg oral prednisone for 3 days.

True complication from hair transplants that may occur, although uncommon, are:

  • Donor site infection or wound dehiscence.
  • Hypoesthesia or impairment of sensitivity, either on the donor or receptor site. This effect is usually temporary.
  • Severe oedema that temporarily affects the eyelids.
  • Folliculitis in the implant area.
  • Poor or scarce growth of the implanted follicles.
  • Number of viable and vital grafts lower than expected, according to the number of grafts performed, under 70%.

Scant growth of the implants is one of the complications of hair graft.

Scant growth of the implants is one of the complications of hair graft

The average expected growth of implanted follicles with current techniques is 90%. When survival of the grafts is low, some of the following factors may have influenced in the risk factors:

  • Graft dehydration.
  • High ischaemia period, that is, overly prolonged re-implantation time. The implant should not take more than 6 hours, given that 2 hours after extraction from the donor site, ischaemia survival is considered to be 95%, 90% after 4 hours and 80% after 6 hours.
  • Graft trauma on the bulb that inhibits growth.

Do you have further questions about hair transplant complications? Request a free informative consultation now with one of our expert surgeons and they will answer all your queries.

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